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From oprofile.sourceforge.net

apt-get install oprofile oprofile-gui prospect

Then you can read file:///usr/share/doc/oprofile/oprofile.html
If you want to profile also the kernel you need the uncompressed version of the kernel.
Unfortunately under Debian this is not possible just like that, what you can do is recompiling the kernel with "make vmlinux", cf this post

To load and prepare the driver interface

opcontrol --init

To unload the driver interface

opcontrol --deinit

To clean the oprofile dumps of current session

opcontrol --reset

To point to the kernel in uncompressed format

opcontrol --vmlinux=/boot/vmlinux-`uname -r`

Or if there is no uncompressed kernel

opcontrol --no-vmlinux

To start the daemon and profiling

opcontrol --start

To stop profiling and kill the daemon

opcontrol --shutdown

To check status

opcontrol --status

To flush collected data

opcontrol --dump

To save data of current session

opcontrol --save=sessionname

Starting the profiling and tune its setup can be done with the gui


opcontrol --no-vmlinux --event=default
opreport --merge tgid
opreport --symbols --merge tgid
opreport -l --merge all -t 20 -% /usr/lib/iceweasel/firefox-bin