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Notes while replacing my Debian by LMDE.
This included recovery of some settings so those are not notes for an install from scratch.

LMDE 201403


See http://www.linuxmint.com/download_lmde.php

Linux Mint has a nice graphical tool for manual repartitioning but not yet LMDE...
Install LMDE with manual partitioning

  • it tells us we should mount target partition ourselves under /target
  • crypsetup luksOpen /dev/sda1 sda1_crypt # has to be the same ref as in the crypttab later
  • mount /dev/sda1_crypt /target
  • continue installation
  • inject proper config in /etc/crypttab and /etc/fstab
    First I mount /home in /home.old (mkdir /home.old) so I can access both fresh user homedir and old one, then move content of /home into /home.old and change fstab to mount on /home next time

Add Debian repositories

LMDE is based on Debian testing but with some delay and I had quickly the issue that my chromium profile was saved by a chroimum version newer than the one in LMDE repos.

/etc/apt/sources.list.d/debian.list :

deb http://ftp.be.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.be.debian.org/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free

We need some pinning to avoid jessie taking over the LMDE repositories. The problem is that they have both the exact same keywords:

$ apt-cache policy
500 http://debian.linuxmint.com/latest// testing/main amd64 Packages
    release o=Debian,a=testing,n=jessie,l=Debian,c=main
500 http://ftp.be.debian.org/debian/ jessie/main amd64 Packages
    release o=Debian,a=testing,n=jessie,l=Debian,c=main

So we can only differentiate by origin:

+Package: *
Pin: origin ftp.be.debian.org
Pin-Priority: 400
apt-get update

And to use Jessie repo e.g.:

apt-get install chromium/jessie


To be able to use encfs & sshfs:

adduser <myuser> fuse

Cinnamon tuning:

  • pin progs to panel: drag & drop from menu
  • change user picture: Settings / Account details
  • Hide Icons on the Desktop: Settings / Desktop
  • Add a Program Shortcut to the Mint Menu: Right-click the Mint Menu, select "Configure" then "Open the menu editor", Click a software category / "New Item".

applet Multicode System Monitor: see http://cinnamon-spices.linuxmint.com/applets/view/79

apt-get install gir1.2-gtop-2.0

Settings / Applets / Get more / search network -> NMulticode System Monitor
Right click on bar / add applets

Install software

First ones

First ones are:

etckeeper                      - store /etc in git, mercurial, bzr or darcs

to save /etc with git

intel-microcode                - Processor microcode firmware for Intel CPUs

to fix some warnings at boot time about some missing ucode:
platform microcode: firmware: agent aborted loading intel-ucode/06-2a-07 (not found?)


apt-listchanges                - package change history notification tool
apt-rdepends                   - Recursively lists package dependencies
dlocate                        - fast alternative to dpkg -L and dpkg -S
equivs                         - Circumvent Debian package dependencies

system tools

bridge-utils                   - Utilities for configuring the Linux Ethernet bridge
extlinux                       - collection of boot loaders (ext2/3/4 and btrfs bootloader)
memtest86+                     - thorough real-mode memory tester
openssh-server                 - secure shell (SSH) server, for secure access from remote machines
openvpn                        - virtual private network daemon
pcscd                          - Middleware to access a smart card using PC/SC (daemon side)
pcsc-tools                     - Some tools to use with smart cards and PC/SC
smartmontools                  - control and monitor storage systems using S.M.A.R.T.
usbview                        - USB device viewer
uuid                           - the Universally Unique Identifier Command-Line Tool
wfrench                        - French dictionary words for /usr/share/dict
wine                           - Windows API implementation - standard suite


an                             - very fast anagram generator
baobab                         - GNOME disk usage analyzer
bleachbit                      - delete unnecessary files from the system
calibre                        - e-book converter and library management
comix                          - GTK Comic Book Viewer
gnumeric                       - spreadsheet application for GNOME - main program
gt5                            - shell program to display visual disk usage with navigation
htop                           - interactive processes viewer
impressive                     - PDF presentation tool with eye candies
iotop                          - simple top-like I/O monitor
link-grammar                   - Carnegie Mellon University's link grammar parser
mc                             - Midnight Commander - a powerful file manager
mosh                           - Mobile shell that supports roaming and intelligent local echo
polygen                        - generator of random sentences from grammar definitions
powertop                       - diagnose issues with power consumption and management
psutils                        - PostScript document handling utilities
pv                             - Shell pipeline element to meter data passing through
pyp                            - sed/awk-like tool with Python language
screen                         - terminal multiplexer with VT100/ANSI terminal emulation
signing-party                  - Various OpenPGP related tools
synergy                        - Share mouse, keyboard and clipboard over the network
transgui                       - Front-end to remotely control Transmission
unetbootin                     - installer of Linux/BSD distributions to a partition or USB drive
unison                         - file-synchronization tool for Unix and Windows
wodim                          - command line CD/DVD writing tool


ddd                            - The Data Display Debugger, a graphical debugger frontend
dissy                          - graphical frontend for objdump
git-annex                      - manage files with git, without checking their contents into git
gitk                           - fast, scalable, distributed revision control system (revision tree visualizer)
git-svn                        - fast, scalable, distributed revision control system (svn interoperability)
gperf                          - Perfect hash function generator
hexedit                        - view and edit files in hexadecimal or in ASCII
indent                         - C language source code formatting program
lua5.1                         - Simple, extensible, embeddable programming language
meld                           - graphical tool to diff and merge files
nasm                           - General-purpose x86 assembler
uncrustify                     - C, C++, C#, D, Java and Pawn source code beautifier
wdiff                          - Compares two files word by word
ipython                        - enhanced interactive Python shell
python-tk                      - Tkinter - Writing Tk applications with Python
python-setuptools              - Python Distutils Enhancements (setuptools compatibility)
libpython2.7-dev               - Header files and a static library for Python (v2.7)
autoconf                       - automatic configure script builder
automake                       - Tool for generating GNU Standards-compliant Makefiles
colormake                      - simple wrapper around make to colorize output
libpcsclite-dev                - Middleware to access a smart card using PC/SC (development files)
libssl-dev                     - Secure Sockets Layer toolkit - development files
libtool                        - Generic library support script
libusb-1.0-0-dev               - userspace USB programming library development files
libusb-dev                     - userspace USB programming library development files


android-tools-adb              - Android Debug Bridge CLI tool
android-tools-fastboot         - Android Fastboot protocol CLI tool
arduino                        - AVR development board IDE and built-in libraries
gerbv                          - Gerber file viewer for PCB design
opensc                         - Smart card utilities with support for PKCS#15 compatible cards


antiword                       - Converts MS Word files to text, PS and PDF
cabextract                     - Microsoft Cabinet file unpacker
catdoc                         - MS-Word to TeX or plain text converter
dos2unix                       - convert text file line endings between CRLF and LF
furiusisomount                 - ISO, IMG, BIN, MDF and NRG image management utility
gpsprune                       - visualize, edit, convert and prune GPS data
lsdvd                          - read the content info of a DVD
mtd-utils                      - Memory Technology Device Utilities
mtp-tools                      - Media Transfer Protocol (MTP) library tools
page-crunch                    - PDF and PS manipulation for printing needs
pdfchain                       - graphical user interface for the PDF Tool Kit
pdftk                          - tool for manipulating PDF documents
pgpdump                        - PGP packet visualizer
pst-utils                      - tools for reading Microsoft Outlook PST files
qprint                         - encoder and decoder for quoted-printable encoding
recode                         - Character set conversion utility


id3v2                          - A command line id3v2 tag editor
mp3blaster                     - Full-screen console mp3 and Ogg Vorbis player
musescore                      - Full featured WYSIWYG score editor
sox                            - Swiss army knife of sound processing


darktable                      - virtual lighttable and darkroom for photographers
exif                           - command-line utility to show EXIF information in JPEG files
gifsicle                       - Tool for manipulating GIF images
gimp-data-extras               - An extra set of brushes, palettes, and gradients for The GIMP
gimp-lensfun                   - Gimp plugin to correct lens distortion using the lensfun library
gimp-texturize                 - generates large textures from a small sample
gnuplot                        - Command-line driven interactive plotting program
graphviz                       - rich set of graph drawing tools
inkscape                       - vector-based drawing program
jhead                          - manipulate the non-image part of Exif compliant JPEG files
jpeginfo                       - Prints information and tests integrity of JPEG/JFIF files
jpegpixi                       - Remove hot spots from JPEG images with minimal quality loss
netpbm                         - Graphics conversion tools between image formats
plotutils                      - GNU plotutils command line tools based on libplot
pngtools                       - series of tools for PNG (Portable Network Graphics) images
rawtherapee                    - raw image converter and digital photo processor
hugin                          - panorama photo stitcher - GUI tools
autopano-sift-c                - Automatically create control points for panorama image


cheese                         - tool to take pictures and videos from your webcam
gaupol                         - subtitle editor for text-based subtitle files
mencoder                       - MPlayer's Movie Encoder
metacam                        - extract EXIF information from digital camera files
mkvtoolnix                     - Set of command-line tools to work with Matroska files
mkvtoolnix-gui                 - Set of tools to work with Matroska files - GUI frontend
mp4tools                       - Suite of scripts to encode Audio and Video in many formats
mpegdemux                      - MPEG1/2 system stream demultiplexer
mplayer2                       - next generation movie player for Unix-like systems
cclive                         - lightweight command line video extraction tool
mimms                          - mms (e.g. mms://) stream downloader
quvi                           - command line program to extract video download links
youtube-dl                     - downloader of videos from YouTube and other sites


chromium-inspector             - page inspector for the Chromium browser
chromium                       - Chromium web browser
esniper                        - simple, lightweight tool for sniping ebay auctions
iftop                          - displays bandwidth usage information on an network interface
ipcalc                         - parameter calculator for IPv4 addresses
ipmitool                       - utility for IPMI control with kernel driver or LAN interface
iptraf                         - Interactive Colorful IP LAN Monitor
ipv6calc                       - small utility for manipulating IPv6 addresses
mozplugger                     - Plugin allowing external viewers to be launched inside Mozilla
subnetcalc                     - IPv4/IPv6 Subnet Calculator
upnp-inspector                 - Python UPnP framework analyser
upnp-router-control            - UPnP compliant router manager
icedove                        - mail/news client with RSS and integrated spam filter support
enigmail                       - GPG support for Thunderbird and Debian Icedove

Specific installation instructions


wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian wheezy contrib" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list
apt-get update
apt-get install virtualbox-4.3
/etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup

And extension pack at https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads




apt-get install nemo-dropbox                  

To avoid autostart:

  • Settings / Startup Apps Prefs / disable Dropbox


Take Debian 7 multiarch version: http://www.skype.com/en/download-skype/skype-for-linux/downloading/?type=debian32

dpkg -i skype-debian_4.2.0.13-1_i386.deb
apt-get -f install
dpkg -i skype-debian_4.2.0.13-1_i386.deb

Problem of sound? see http://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?f=48&t=143634
Edit /etc/pulse/default.pa:

-load-module module-udev-detect
+load-module module-udev-detect tsched=0


apt-get install googleearth-package
dpkg -i googleearth_6.0.3.2197+1.1.0-1_amd64.deb
apt-get -f install
(dpkg -i googleearth_6.0.3.2197+1.1.0-1_amd64.deb)


psi-plus                       - Qt-based XMPP/Jabber client (basic version)
psi-plus-plugins               - plugins for Psi+
libqca2-plugin-ossl            - SSL/TLS support for the Qt Cryptographic Architecture

Recover backuped config:



gogoc                          - Client to connect to IPv6 tunnel brokers

Recover backuped config:


Avoid it to start automatically:

update-rc.d gogoc disable


apt-get install exim4-daemon-light bsd-mailx

Check /etc/mailname for your machine FQDN
Add to /etc/aliases:

root: <myuser>

Add to /etc/email-addresses:

<myuser>: <myemail>

Add to /etc/exim4/passwd.client:


Edit /etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf:


Install Security software

See Security packages.

Install SDR software


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