Courier-Cygwin

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Contents

Pre-requisite

Courier-IMAP requires the installation of the Courier Authentication Library and the following cygwin tools and packages

  • patch, tar, make, gcc
  • crypt
  • libgdbm-devel
  • libtool
  • inetutils
  • cygrunsrv

Run the Cygwin setup program. Locate, select and install the required packages.

Courier Authentication Library

Installation of Courier Authentication Library using the module userdb to manage mail accounts. All other modules are disabled.

Compilation and installation

Download and untar courier-authlib in your favorite sandbox. Version used: 0.61.0

Apply the patch before configuration to correct following issues:

  1. incorrect usage of EXEEXT in makedat/Makefile
  2. add libtool flag (-no-undefined) required for DLL creation
  3. add missing dependencies
  4. add PATH in start script to access new DLL (installed in a different directory)

Solution source: http://lists.cairographics.org/archives/cairo/2004-April/001125.html

--- courier-authlib-0.61.0/makedat/Makefile.in	2008-05-24 16:21:09.000000000 +0200
+++ courier-authlib-0.61.0-cygwin/makedat/Makefile.in	2008-10-21 16:02:38.709166700 +0200
@@ -182,7 +182,7 @@
 libexecdir = @libexecdir@
 localedir = @localedir@
 localstatedir = @localstatedir@
-makedatprog_target = @makedatprog_target@
+makedatprog_target = @makedatprog_target@$(EXEEXT)
 makedatprogpath = @makedatprogpath@
 mandir = @mandir@
 mkdir_p = @mkdir_p@
@@ -198,7 +198,7 @@
 target_alias = @target_alias@
 top_builddir = @top_builddir@
 top_srcdir = @top_srcdir@
-noinst_PROGRAMS = @makedatprog_target@
+noinst_PROGRAMS = @makedatprog_target@$(EXEEXT)
 makedatprog_SOURCES = makedatprog.c
 makedatprog_DEPENDENCIES = @dblibrary@
 makedatprog_LDADD = @dblibrary@
--- courier-authlib-0.61.0/Makefile.in	2008-07-12 21:41:08.000000000 +0200
+++ courier-authlib-0.61.0-cygwin/Makefile.in	2008-10-23 22:59:03.843750000 +0200
@@ -213,9 +213,10 @@
 LTCOMPILE = $(LIBTOOL) --tag=CC $(AM_LIBTOOLFLAGS) $(LIBTOOLFLAGS) \
 	--mode=compile $(CC) $(DEFS) $(DEFAULT_INCLUDES) $(INCLUDES) \
 	$(AM_CPPFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS) $(AM_CFLAGS) $(CFLAGS)
-CCLD = $(CC)
+CCLD = $(CC) -no-undefined
+CCLDEXE = $(CC)
 LINK = $(LIBTOOL) --tag=CC $(AM_LIBTOOLFLAGS) $(LIBTOOLFLAGS) \
-	--mode=link $(CCLD) $(AM_CFLAGS) $(CFLAGS) $(AM_LDFLAGS) \
+	--mode=link $(CCLDEXE) $(AM_CFLAGS) $(CFLAGS) $(AM_LDFLAGS) \
 	$(LDFLAGS) -o $@
 SOURCES = $(libauthcustom_la_SOURCES) $(libauthldap_la_SOURCES) \
 	$(libauthmysql_la_SOURCES) $(libauthpam_la_SOURCES) \
@@ -452,9 +453,9 @@
 	README.authdebug.html
 
 DISTCLEANFILES = dbobj.config README_authlib.html
-commonlibdep = libcourierauthcommon.la
+commonlibdep = libcourierauthcommon.la libcourierauth.la
 commonldflags = -module -rpath $(pkglibdir) -export-symbols-regex 'courier_auth.*_init' -avoid-version
-commonlibadd = libcourierauthcommon.la
+commonlibadd = libcourierauthcommon.la libcourierauth.la
 libcourierauthcommon_t = @CRYPTLIBS@
 libcourierauthcommon_la_SOURCES = \
 	auth.h courierauth.h \
--- courier-authlib-0.61.0/authdaemond.in	2005-07-05 14:25:08.000000000 +0200
+++ courier-authlib-0.61.0-cygwin/authdaemond.in	2008-10-25 12:03:32.140625000 +0200
@@ -15,4 +15,10 @@
 set -a
 . @authdaemonrc@
 
+# Some shared libraries (DLL) are installed in @libdir@/bin
+# instead of @libdir@/@PACKAGE@
+# Setting LD_LIBRARY_PATH at runtime or LR_RUN_PATH at linktime doesn't
+# work in cygwin, only setting PATH works. 
+export PATH=$PATH:@libdir@/bin
+
 exec ${sbindir}/courierlogger -pid=@authdaemonvar@/pid $LOGGEROPTS -$1 @libexecdir@/courier-authlib/authdaemond

Install the patch

$ patch -Np1 < courier-authlib-0.61.0-cygwin.patch

Configure the package without most authentication modules, keeping only userdb.

Note: replace mailuser by an existing user name (in your /etc/passwd file). I used my own username.

$ ./configure --disable-root-check --with-waitfunc=wait --without-authpam --without-authldap --without-authpwd \
--without-authshadow --without-authcustom --without-authpipe --without-authmysql --without-authpgsql --with-mailuser=mailuser \
--with-mailgroup=mkgroup-l-d

Take a long pause... and when ready execute the following command.

$ make

Take again a long pause... then check the result and install the libraries

$ make check
$ make install

NOTES: list of related topics found during investigation for compilation

Configuration

Create authdaemonrc file: /usr/local/etc/authlib/authdaemonrc

$ cp /usr/local/etc/authlib/authdaemonrc.dist /usr/local/etc/authlib/authdaemonrc

Change number of daemons (I use three) and enable DEBUG_LOGIN

# The number of daemon processes that are started.
daemons=3
 
# DEBUG_LOGIN=2   - turn on debugging + log passwords too
DEBUG_LOGIN=2

See http://www.courier-mta.org/authlib/README.authdebug.html for details.

IMAP accounts

User accounts and settings are managed by userdb. See makeuserdb man page for details, or used the freshly new install man page - man makeuserdb

Assuming username is your username, 1001 and 10545 are respectively the UID and GID of an existing user (part of your /etc/passwd and /etc/group). I use my own UID and GID. Create the mailuser home directory, if required, and create Maildir folder.

$ mkdir -p /home/username
$ cd /home/username
$ /usr/lib/courier-imap/bin/maildirmake Maildir

Create the userdb text file /usr/local/etc/authlib/userdb

$ touch /usr/local/etc/authlib/userdb
$ chmod 700 /usr/local/etc/authlib/userdb

Edit /usr/local/etc/authlib/userdb, one line per account

username[TAB]uid=1001|gid=10111|home=/home/username|mail=/home/username/Maildir|systempw=XXXXXX

where XXXXXX is the encrypted password created with

$  /usr/local/sbin/userdbpw.exe

Create the (binary) userdb

$ /usr/local/sbin/makeuserdb

You should now have the following files created:

  • /usr/local/etc/authlib/userdb.dat
  • /usr/local/etc/authlib/userdbshadow.dat

Running

Install and configure syslogd. Run the Cygwin setup program. Locate, select and install inetutils (contains syslogd). Configure syslogd with the following command. It will create the /etc/syslogd.conf file and install a windows service using cygrunsrv

$ syslogd-config
$ net start syslogd

Start the authlib daemon with the following command:

$ /usr/local/sbin/authdaemond start

Stop the daemon with the following command:

$ /usr/local/sbin/authdaemond stop

You'll find log messages in /var/log/messages (default target file as specified in /etc/syslogd.conf)

Testing authlib

$ /usr/local/sbin/authtest username CCCCCC
Authentication succeeded.

     Authenticated: username  (uid 1001, gid 10545)
    Home Directory: /home/username
           Maildir: /home/username/Maildir
             Quota: (none)
Encrypted Password: XXXXXX
Cleartext Password: CCCCCC
           Options: (none)

where username is your user name and XXXXXX is your encrypted password as provided in /usr/local/etc/authlib/userdb. CCCCCC is your password in clear.

Troubleshooting

Should you have a doubt on the execution of a command (ie: no output) you can check if the application is able to load required DLL. This error is not reported. Using strace, windows will complain about DLL not found, if any. To solve this problem you may need to add some path in your PATH. For example, in order to test authlib with authtest:

$ strace /usr/local/sbin/authtest
    # This will open a dialog box to complain about DLL.
$ export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/lib/bin
$ /usr/local/sbin/authtest ausername

Courier Authentication Config

$ /usr/local/bin/courierauthconfig.exe --version
$ /usr/local/bin/courierauthconfig.exe --ldflags
$ /usr/local/bin/courierauthconfig.exe --cppflags
$ /usr/local/bin/courierauthconfig.exe --configfiles

Courier-IMAP

Compilation and installation

Download and untar package courier-imap in your favorite sandbox. Version used: 4.4.1.20080920

Apply the patch before configuration to correct following issues:

  1. incorrect usage of EXEEXT in makedat/Makefile
  2. incorrect usage of EXTEXT in main Makefile
  3. remove usage of /usr/lib/env in start/stop script (/usr/lib/env does not seem to work under Cygwin)
--- courier-imap-4.4.1.20080920/makedat/Makefile.in	2008-08-24 19:52:51.000000000 +0200
+++ courier-imap-4.4.1.20080920-cygwin/makedat/Makefile.in	2008-10-21 20:43:27.500000000 +0200
@@ -182,7 +182,7 @@
 libexecdir = @libexecdir@
 localedir = @localedir@
 localstatedir = @localstatedir@
-makedatprog_target = @makedatprog_target@
+makedatprog_target = @makedatprog_target@$(EXEEXT)
 makedatprogpath = @makedatprogpath@
 mandir = @mandir@
 mkdir_p = @mkdir_p@
@@ -198,7 +198,7 @@
 target_alias = @target_alias@
 top_builddir = @top_builddir@
 top_srcdir = @top_srcdir@
-noinst_PROGRAMS = @makedatprog_target@
+noinst_PROGRAMS = @makedatprog_target@$(EXEEXT)
 makedatprog_SOURCES = makedatprog.c
 makedatprog_DEPENDENCIES = @dblibrary@
 makedatprog_LDADD = @dblibrary@
--- courier-imap-4.4.1.20080920/Makefile.in	2008-09-20 14:48:46.000000000 +0200
+++ courier-imap-4.4.1.20080920-cygwin/Makefile.in	2008-10-21 20:59:45.156250000 +0200
@@ -247,9 +247,9 @@
 CLEANFILES = $(databin_SCRIPTS) $(man_MANS) $(sysconf_DATA) $(sbin_SCRIPTS)
 databindir = $(datadir)
 databin_SCRIPTS = mkimapdcert mkpop3dcert
-binPROGRAMS = imapd pop3d maildirmake maildiracl deliverquota maildirkw
-sbinPROGRAMS = imaplogin pop3login
-libexecPROGRAMS = makedatprog couriertcpd
+binPROGRAMS = imapd$(EXEEXT) pop3d$(EXEEXT) maildirmake$(EXEEXT) maildiracl$(EXEEXT) deliverquota$(EXEEXT) maildirkw$(EXEEXT)
+sbinPROGRAMS = imaplogin$(EXEEXT) pop3login$(EXEEXT)
+libexecPROGRAMS = makedatprog$(EXEEXT) couriertcpd$(EXEEXT)
 bin_PROGRAMS = @binPROGRAMS_exec@
 sbin_PROGRAMS = @sbinPROGRAMS_exec@
 libexec_PROGRAMS = @libexecPROGRAMS_exec@
--- courier-imap-4.4.1.20080920/imapd.rc.in	2008-05-04 15:12:47.000000000 +0200
+++ courier-imap-4.4.1.20080920-cygwin/imapd.rc.in	2008-10-26 10:17:51.359375000 +0100
@@ -22,6 +22,15 @@
 	exit 1
 fi
 
+# Location for some shared libraries (cygcourierauth*.dll) from authlib
+AUTHLIBDIR=/usr/local
+if test ! -f $AUTHLIBDIR/lib/bin/cygcourierauth.dll
+then
+	echo "$AUTHLIBDIR/lib/bin/cygcourierauth.dll not found."
+	exit 1
+fi
+export PATH=$PATH:$AUTHLIBDIR/lib/bin
+
 TLS_CACHEFILE=""
 . @sysconfdir@/imapd-ssl
 . @sysconfdir@/imapd
@@ -35,7 +44,7 @@
 
 	umask $IMAP_UMASK
 	@ULIMIT@ $IMAP_ULIMITD
-	@SETENV@ -i @SHELL@ -c " set -a ;
+	@SHELL@ -c " set -a ;
 			prefix=@prefix@ ;
 			exec_prefix=@exec_prefix@ ;
 			bindir=@bindir@ ;
--- courier-imap-4.4.1.20080920/pop3d.rc.in	2008-05-04 15:12:47.000000000 +0200
+++ courier-imap-4.4.1.20080920-cygwin/pop3d.rc.in	2008-10-26 10:18:02.187500000 +0100
@@ -22,12 +22,21 @@
 	exit 1
 fi
 
+# Location for some shared libraries (cygcourierauth*.dll) from authlib
+AUTHLIBDIR=/usr/local
+if test ! -f $AUTHLIBDIR/lib/bin/cygcourierauth.dll
+then
+	echo "$AUTHLIBDIR/lib/bin/cygcourierauth.dll not found."
+	exit 1
+fi
+export PATH=$PATH:$AUTHLIBDIR/lib/bin
+
 . @sysconfdir@/pop3d-ssl
 . @sysconfdir@/pop3d
 
 case $1 in
 start)
-	@SETENV@ -i @SHELL@ -c " set -a ;
+	@SHELL@ -c " set -a ;
 		prefix=@prefix@ ;
 		exec_prefix=@exec_prefix@ ;
 		bindir=@bindir@ ;

Install the patch

$ patch -Np1 < courier-imap-4.4.1-cygwin.patch

Configure the package

$ ./configure --disable-root-check --with-waitfunc=wait

Take a walk... and when ready execute the following command to build the package.

$ make

Time to go for some coffee... and then install the package with the usual

$ make install
$ make install-configure

Configuration

Setup courier-imap: $prefix/etc/imapd (where $prefix=/usr/lib/courier-imap)

Set ADDRESS to a valid value (0 or 127.0.0.1) and change IMAP_ULIMITD to a value accepted by the command ulimit. I simply used the existing value returned by

$ ulimit -v

Running

Syslogd service and authdaemond should be started. See above.

Start the imap daemon with the following command:

$ /usr/lib/courier-imap/libexec/imapd.rc start

Stop the daemon with the following command:

$ /usr/lib/courier-imap/libexec/imapd.rc stop

You'll find log messages in /var/log/messages (default target file as specified in /etc/syslogd.conf)

Testing

When authdaemond and imapd are running you can do a simple login test:

$ telnet localhost 143

and type the login command

a login <username> <password>

the server should reply

a OK LOGIN Ok.

to which you can reply with a logout

a logout

the session is terminated by the server

* BYE Courier-IMAP server shutting down
a OK LOGOUT completed
Connection closed by foreign host.

Hint: if the connection is immediately closed by foreign host it probably means that imapd does not have access to all required DLLs. Check your PATH.

All in one

If everything works fine you can use the following startup script to launch or stop imap and authlib daemons. It can be saved in /usr/local/sbin.

#! /bin/sh
#
# Courier imap daemon startup script.
 
authlib=/usr/local/sbin/authdaemond
imapd=/usr/lib/courier-imap/libexec/imapd.rc
 
test ! -f $authlib && echo "File not found: $authlib" && exit 1;
test ! -f $imapd && echo "File not found: $imapd" && exit 1;
 
case $1 in
	start)
		$authlib start
		$imapd start
		;;
	stop)
		$imapd stop
		$authlib stop
		;;
	*)
		echo "Usage: $0 <start|stop>"
		;;
esac

Cygwin service

Create the service script

#!/bin/sh
# File:     imapd-service.sh
# Purpose:  Courier imap daemon service script.
#
# NOTE:     This script must be excutable by SYSTEM
username=username	# <<<< Change me !!!
pidsleep=''
 
# Function to handle QUIT signal.
# Stop imapd daemon and kill background sleep.
function handleQuit
{
	echo "STOPPING: /usr/local/sbin/imapd"
	su $username -c "/usr/local/sbin/imapd stop"
	test -n "$pidsleep" && kill -9 $pidsleep
	exit
}
 
# Interruptible sleep
# Note: sleep is an external command (not builtin command), hence
#       not interruptible by the QUIT signal.
function intsleep
{
	sleep $1 &
	pidsleep=$!
	wait $pidsleep
}
 
echo "STARTING: /usr/local/sbin/imapd as $username at "`date`
su $username -c "/usr/local/sbin/imapd start"
 
trap "handleQuit" SIGQUIT
 
echo "WAITING: "$$
while true; do intsleep 1d; done

Change username and save it to your favorite location, says /usr/local/sbin. The service script must be executable by SYSTEM, ie: the user that run the windows services.

$ chmod +rx /usr/local/sbin/imapd-service.sh

Install the new service with the following command.

$ cygrunsrv --install imapd --desc "Courier IMAP daemon" --disp "CYGWIN imapd" \
  --path /usr/local/sbin/imapd-service.sh --termsig QUIT --type auto --shutdown

Finally, just start the service

$ cygrunsrv --start imapd
or
$ net start imapd

You should now have couple of processes related to courier-imap

$ ps -a

NOTES:

  • If the service could not be started, it's probably because the service script is not executable by SYSTEM
$ net start imapd
The CYGWIN imapd service is starting.
The CYGWIN imapd service could not be started. 

The service did not report an error.

More help is available by typing NET HELPMSG 3534.
  • The combination of background sleep and builtin wait command is used to make the waiting statment interruptible. The original script found on the net, was simply using a 'sleep 1' which turned to consume ~10% of the CPU.

Maildir

maildirmake is part of the courier-imap package

$ /usr/lib/courier-imap/bin/maildirmake

Mairix - index and search mail folders

Run the Cygwin setup program. Locate, select and install the package mairix.

Create the configuration file in your home directory: ~/.mairixrc

base=/home/username
maildir=Maildir...
omit=Maildir/.Mairix**
mfolder=Maildir/.Mairix
database=/home/username/.mairix_database

The create the mairix index

$ mairix
and
$ mairix --fast-index  # on daily base

See Mail_Tips for additional details.

Offlineimap

Requires python, so run the Cygwin setup program. Locate, select and install the package python.

Download offlineimap here. I use version 6.0.3. Extract files in you favorite sandbox.

$ tar xvfz offlineimap_6.0.3.tar.gz
$ cd offlineimap

Apply the following patch to correct the following issues:

  • Suffix separator character colon (:) is not allowed in Windows. Courier-imap for cygwin is using (!)
  • While used by courier-imap for cygwin Maildir mail files should not use CRLF, rather only LF. The issue appears only in mail with attachment, that is the raw message is not interpreted and displayed as it in the mail body (under Thunderbird).
--- offlineimap.conf	2008-08-13 20:56:04.000000000 +0200
+++ offlineimap-cygwin.conf	2008-11-06 10:44:31.066750700 +0100
@@ -215,6 +215,19 @@
 
 restoreatime = no
 
+# Cygwin/Windows users may have issues with the Maildir mail filename
+# containing the suffix separator character (:). In this case, they
+# could change the suffix separator character to whatever required.
+# For example, Courier-IMAP for Cygwin is using (!)
+
+# suffixsep = !
+
+# Cygwin/Windows users may need to create Maildir mail filename in
+# binary mode. In this case, set the 'filemode' to 'binary'. Default is
+# 'text'. Courier-IMAP for Cygwin works better with binary mode.
+
+# filemode = binary
+
 [Repository RemoteExample]
 
 # And this is the remote repository.  We only support IMAP or Gmail here.
--- offlineimap/folder/Maildir.py	2008-08-13 20:55:48.000000000 +0200
+++ offlineimap/folder/Maildir-cygwin.py	2008-11-06 10:44:05.344202700 +0100
@@ -23,7 +23,6 @@
 import os.path, os, re, time, socket, md5
 
 uidmatchre = re.compile(',U=(\d+)')
-flagmatchre = re.compile(':.*2,([A-Z]+)')
 
 timeseq = 0
 lasttime = long(0)
@@ -54,6 +53,12 @@
         self.messagelist = None
         self.repository = repository
         self.accountname = accountname
+        self.filemode = {
+          'binary': 'wb',
+          'text': 'wt',
+        }[repository.getconf("filemode", 'text')]
+        self.suffixsep = repository.getconf("suffixsep",':')
+        self.flagmatchre = re.compile('%s.*2,([A-Z]+)' % self.suffixsep)
         BaseFolder.__init__(self)
 
     def getaccountname(self):
@@ -102,7 +107,7 @@
                     nouidcounter -= 1
                 else:
                     uid = long(uidmatch.group(1))
-            flagmatch = flagmatchre.search(messagename)
+            flagmatch = self.flagmatchre.search(messagename)
             flags = []
             if flagmatch:
                 flags = [x for x in flagmatch.group(1)]
@@ -180,7 +185,7 @@
                 break
         tmpmessagename = messagename.split(',')[0]
         ui.debug('maildir', 'savemessage: using temporary name %s' % tmpmessagename)
-        file = open(os.path.join(tmpdir, tmpmessagename), "wt")
+        file = open(os.path.join(tmpdir, tmpmessagename), self.filemode)
         file.write(content)
 
         # Make sure the data hits the disk
@@ -226,11 +231,11 @@
             newpath = os.path.join(self.getfullname(), 'cur')
         else:
             newpath = os.path.join(self.getfullname(), 'new')
-        infostr = ':'
-        infomatch = re.search('(:.*)$', newname)
+        infostr = self.suffixsep
+        infomatch = re.search('(%s.*)$' % self.suffixsep, newname)
         if infomatch:                   # If the info string is present..
             infostr = infomatch.group(1)
-            newname = newname.split(':')[0] # Strip off the info string.
+            newname = newname.split(self.suffixsep)[0] # Strip off the info string.
         infostr = re.sub('2,[A-Z]*', '', infostr)
         flags.sort()
         infostr += '2,' + ''.join(flags)
$ patch -Np0 < offlineimap_6.0.3-cygwin.patch

Install offlineimap

$ python setup.py install

Configure offlineimap as described in Offlineimap and launch offlineimap. CAUTION: Add the NEW suffixsep and filemode options in the Maildir repository section of the configuration file.

$ offlineimap
or
$ offlineimap -1 -o -u Noninteractive.Basic
or
$ offlineimap -c /home/username/offlineimap.conf

Here is a simple offlineimap configuration file.

[general]
metadata = /home/username/.offlineimap
accounts = Test
maxsyncaccounts = 1
ui = Curses.Blinkenlights, TTY.TTYUI,
     Noninteractive.Basic, Noninteractive.Quiet
ignore-readonly = no
 
[mbnames]
enabled = no
 
[ui.Curses.Blinkenlights]
statuschar = .
 
[Account Test]
localrepository = LocalExample
remoterepository = RemoteExample
 
[Repository LocalExample]
type = Maildir
localfolders = /home/username/Maildir
sep = .
restoreatime = no
 
suffixsep = !                    # <<< NEW
filemode = binary                # <<< NEW
 
[Repository RemoteExample]
type = IMAP
remotehost = imapserver
ssl = no
remoteport = 143
remoteuser = username
remotepass = XXXXXX
maxconnections = 1
holdconnectionopen = no
nametrans = lambda foldername: re.sub('^INBOX\.*', '.', foldername)
folderfilter = lambda foldername: not re.search('(SPAM$|Mairix)', foldername)
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